Adjective = a word use to describe things
Adjectives are used in a language to describe something or someone.
Adjectives express an attribute of a place, thing, an event or a person.
Adjectives precede the noun in a sentence
Adjectives describe qualities, personality traits, colors, sizes, shapes, sounds and feelings. (see list)
Noun = the name for something
Adjectives Describing Color
Using colors as adjectives is one of the most common forms of describing nouns (appearance of things, people, etc.)
a) one pen two pens
one apple three apples
one cup three cups
one elephant five elephants
To make the plural form of most nouns add -s
b) baby babies
End of noun: consonant + -y
Plural form: change -y to -i, add -es
c) boy boys
End of noun: vowel + -y
Plural form: add -s
d) wife wives
End of noun: -fe or -f
Plural form: change -f to –v add -es
e) dish dishes
End of noun: -sh, -ch, -ss, -x
Plural form: add -es
f) tomato tomatoes
End of noun: consonant + -o
Plural form: add -es
g) zoo zoos
End of noun: vowel + -o
Plural from: add -s
What is this? What is that?
What’s this? What’s that?
It is a desk. It is a desk.
This is a desk. That is a desk.
What are these? What are those?
They are chairs. They are chairs.
These are chairs. Those are chairs.
English has two articles: the and a/an. The is used to refer to specific or particular nouns; a / an is used to modify non-specific or non-particular nouns. We call the the definite article and a/an the indefinite article.
the = definite article
a/an = indefinite article
For example, if I say, "Let's read the book," I mean a specific book. If I say, "Let's read a book," I mean any book rather than a specific book.
The indefinite article a is usually pronounced with the schwa sound / /.
a shop assistant
a fashion designer
a computer programmer
an alligator wrestler
an itchy pants
Exceptions to the Rule (Sound – you or your)
a UFO an unidentified flying object
a unusual problem
It’s water. It’s a bottle of water.
It is juice. It is a glass of juice.
It’s milk. It’s a liter / litre of milk.
It’s jam. It’s a jar of jam.
There is - There are
We use there is (singular) / there are (plural) to say that something or someone is located in the place or exists:
e.g. There is a book on the desk. / There are many books on the shelf.
There are eight students in the classroom. / There is one teacher in the classroom.
We use there isn’t (singular) / there aren’t (plural) to say that something or someone isn’t located in the place or doesn’t exist:
e.g. There isn’t a book on the desk. / There aren’t any books on the shelf.
There isn’t an animal in the classroom. / There aren’t two teachers in the classroom.
We use Is there…? (singular) / Are there...? (plural) to ask whether something or someone is located in the place or exists:
e.g. Is there a book on the desk? / Are there any books on the shelf?|
Is there a teacher in the classroom? / Are there any students in the classroom?
COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVES TAKE THE ENDINGS Í
COMPOUND ADJECTIVES I II THIS IS JANE PRETTY DESCRIBE
DESCRIPTIVE ADJECTIVES OVERVIEW AS THE NAME MAY SUGGEST DESCRIPTIVE
Tags: adjective =, things, adjectives, describe, adjective